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Page Last Updated: February 12 2016
Pea / Bean Family
18 species
Red Clover
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean family)
Genus: Trifolium (3 leaves)
Species: Pratense (meadow)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Biennial / Perennial - leaves often have lighter V-shaped
pattern near middle - flower may be white - also known as
Meadow Clover - native to Europe
Bird's-foot Trefoil
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Lotus
Species: Corniculata (Corniculatus?)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Horned Trefoil - named after
the seed pods - native to Europe
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Everlasting Pea
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Lathyrus
Species: Latifolius
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Perennial Sweet Pea,
Broad-leaved Everlasting pea - Lathyrus Sylvestris (Flat
Pea or Narrow-leaved Everlasting Pea) has longer,
narrower leaves - native to Europe
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated March 12 2011
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Black Medick
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean family)
Genus: Medicago
Species: Lupulina
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Annual / Biennial - also known as Hop Medick - native to
Eurasia
Updated December 28 2015
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Alfalfa
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean family)
Genus: Medicago
Species: Sativa
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Annual / Perennial - also known as Lucerne - native to
Eurasia
Updated February 9 2014
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Updated July 20 2014
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White Clover
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean family)
Genus: Trifolium
Species: Repens
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Perennial - also known as Dutch Clover - native to Europe
Hog-peanut
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Amphicarpaea
Species: Bracteata
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual / Perennial - native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated February 12 2016
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Groundnut
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Apios
Species: Americana
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated September 6 2010
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White Sweet-clover
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Melilotus
Species: Alba (also Albus)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual / Biennial - some sources consider White and
Yellow Sweet-clovers to be the same species - native to
Eurasia
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated October 31 2015
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Yellow Sweet-clover
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Melilotus
Species: Officinalis
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual / Biennial - some sources consider White and
Yellow Sweet-clovers to be the same species - native to
Eurasia
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated December 29 2013
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Cow Vetch
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Vicia
Species: Cracca
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Tufted, Bird or Blue Vetch -
similar to Hairy and Smooth Vetch - native to Eurasia
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated December 22 2014
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Crown Vetch
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Coronilla
Species: Varia
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Axseed - native to Europe
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated March 22 2013
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Round-headed Bush Clover
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Lespedeza
Species: Capitata
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - similar to Hairy Bush Clover (L. hirta) - native to
eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated August 19 2014
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Updated March 23 2015
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Wild Lupine
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Lupinus
Species: Perennis
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Sundial Lupine - leaf has 7 to
11 leaflets with rounded tips often with a sharp point -
native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated February 15 2012
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Large-leaved Lupine
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Lupinus
Species: Polyphyllus
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Many-leaved, Big-leaved or
Garden Lupine - leaf has 12 to 18 leaflets with pointed
tips - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated February 15 2012
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Showy Tick Trefoil
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Desmodium
Species: Canadense
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated October 26 2015
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Pointed-leaved Tick Trefoil
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Desmodium
Species: Glutinosum
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Pointedleaf Ticktrefoil - native
to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated April 18 2013
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Spring Vetch
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Pea or Bean Family)
Genus: Vicia
Species: Sativa
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual - also known as Common or Garden Vetch - 5 or 6
pairs of leaflets - Narrow-leaved Vetch (V. augustifolia) is
the same species or a sub-species - native to Eurasia
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated June 25 2013
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Bird's-foot Trefoil - flower to 1.5 cm - leaflets 5 to 15 mm - height 15 to 60 cm - Lower Don Valley (Leaside) - June 2009
Everlasting Pea - flower approx. 3 cm - vine to 2 m - Humber Bay Park - September 2009
Black Medick - flower head approx. 1 cm - leaves to 3 cm - vine to 1 m - Lower Don Valley (Leaside) - June 2008
Alfalfa - flower to 1 cm - flower head 1 to 3 cm - leaves 1 to 3 cm - height to 1 m - Leslie Spit - July 2011
White Clover - flower head approx. 1.5 cm - leaves approx. 2 cm - creeper 10 to 25 cm - Lower Don Valley (Brickworks) - June 2010
Hog-peanut - flower 1 to 2 cm - fruit to 4 cm - leaflet 2 to 8 cm - vine to 1.2 m - West Don Valley (E.T. Seton Park) - August 2010
Groundnut - flower approx. 1.5 cm - fruit to 5 to 10 cm - leaves 10 to 20 cm, leaflet 4 to 6 cm  - vine to 3 m - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - August 2010
Yellow Sweet-clover - flower approx. 5 mm - raceme to 15 cm -  leaves 1.5 to 5 cm, leaflet 1 to 2.5 cm - height to 1.5 m - Etobicoke Valley Park - June 2013
Crown Vetch - flower 1 to 1.5 cm - flower head  to 2.5 cm - fruit 2 to 5 cm - leaves approx. 11 to 21 leaflets 1.5 to 2 cm - vine to 50 cm - High Park - June 2010
Round-headed Bush Clover - flower approx. 1 cm - flower head approx. 5 cm - leaflet to 7.5 cm - height to 1.5 m - High Park - August 2010
Wild Lupine - flower approx. 2.5 cm - fruit to 5 cm - raceme 10 to 25 cm - leaflet to 5 cm - height to 80 cm - High Park - June 2010
Large-leaved Lupine - flower approx. 1.5 cm - fruit to 5 cm - raceme 15 to 45 cm - leaflet to 13 cm - height to 1 m - Leslie Spit - June 2011
Showy Tick Trefoil - flower approx. 1.5 cm - leaflets to 8 cm - height to 1 m - High Park - August 2013
Pointed-leaved Tick Trefoil - flower approx 8 mm - leaflets to 12 cm - height to 1 m - High Park - July 2012
Spring Vetch - flower approx. 2 cm - compound leaf to 12 cm - leaflet approx. 2 cm - height to 75 cm - Lynde Shores Conservation Area (Whitby)  - June 2013
Cow Vetch - flower 1 to 1.5 cm - fruit 1 to 3 cm - leaves approx. 10 to 20 leaflets 1 to 3 cm - vine to 1 m - Claireville Conservation Area  - July 2010
White Sweet-clover - flower approx. 5 mm - raceme 5 to 20 cm -  leaves 1.5 to 5 cm, leaflet 1 to 2.5 cm - height to 3 m - Leaside Industrial Area - July 2015
Red Clover - flower head approx. 2.5 cm - leaves 1.5 to 5 cm - height to 60 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - August 2010