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Gilled Mushrooms
Page Last Updated: September 21 2017
28 species
Deer Mushroom - stalk to 15 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pluteaceae
Genus: Pluteus
Species: Cervinus (also Atricapillus)
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Fawn Mushroom
Deadly Galerina - stalk to 9 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hymenogastraceae (formerly Cortinariaceae)
Genus: Galerina (formerly Pholiota)
Species: Autumnalis (also Marginata)
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Autumn Galerina
Crumble Cap - stalk to 4 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinellus (formerly Pseudocoprinus)
Species: Disseminatus
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Non-inky Coprinus, Fairy Ink Cap
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Updated February 22 2014
Shaggy Mane - stalk to 15 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinus
Species: Comatus
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Lawyer's Wig - becomes black and turns
into an inky black fluid (see below)
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Updated October 11 2010
Sharp-scaly? Pholiota - stalk to 10 cm
Genus: Pholiota
Species: Squarrosoides?
Kingdom: Fungi
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Class: Agaricomycetes (formerly Gasteromycetes)
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Fruits in clusters on or near hardwood trees or stumps -
possibly P. squarrosa (Scaly Pholiota)?
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Updated February 22 2014
Woolly Inky Cap - stalk to 10 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinopsis (formerly Coprinus)
Species: Lagopus
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes (formerly Homobasidiomycetes?)
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Hare's Foot Ink Cap - 3 genera
(Coprinopsis, Coprinellus and Parasola) were split from
the Coprinus genus and moved to the Psathyrellaceae
family
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Updated August 6 2011
Honey Mushroom - cap to 10 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae
Genus: Armillaria
Species: Mellea
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
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Updated January 19 2015
Parasola Mushroom - cap approx. 4 cm
Order: Agaricales
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Oyster Mushroom - cap to 20 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pleurotaceae
Genus: Pleurotus
Species: Ostreatus? Pulmonarius?
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Parasola (formerly Coprinus)
Species: Auricoma? Plicatilis? Leiocephala?
Many similar species - 3 genera (Coprinopsis, Coprinellus
and Parasola) were split from the Coprinus genus and
moved to the Psathyrellaceae family
More Parasola Mushrooms
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Updated January 17 2015
Jack O'lantern - cap to 15 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Marasmiaceae
Genus: Omphalotus
Species: Olearius
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
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Updated October 2 2012
Scarlet Hood - cap to 5 cm
Order: Agaricales (formerly Tricholomatales)
Family: Hygrophoraceae (formerly Tricholomataceae)
Genus: Hygrocybe
Species: Coccinea
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
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Updated October 2 2012
Split Gill - cap to 5 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Schizophyllaceae
Genus: Schizophyllum (split leaves)
Species: Commune
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
When wet the gill-like folds split exposing the spore-bearing
surfaces - sometimes placed in its own order
Schizophyllales
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Updated August 21 2012
Vermilion Waxcap (H. miniata) is similar but taller with a
smaller cap
Shaggy Mane (old) - stalk to 15 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinus
Species: Comatus
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Lawyer's Wig - becomes black and turns
into an inky black fluid
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Updated October 11 2010
Elm Oyster Mushroom - cap to 15 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Tricholomataceae
Genus: Hypsizygus (formerly Pleurotus)
Species: Ulmarius
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Formerly known as H. tessulatus or tessellatus which is
now used to refer to a smaller, darker mushroom - usually
seen singly or in pairs - fruits on Elm and Manitoba Maple
(Boxelder)
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Updated October 8 2012
Firerug Inkcap (C. domesticus) - approx. 2.5 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinellus (formerly Pseudocoprinus)
Species: Domesticus?
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes (formerly Homobasidiomycetes?)
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Mycelium or Ozonium (vegetative part of a fungus) - possibly
C. radians? - found on decaying hardwood logs
Scaly Inky Cap - cap to 8 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinopsis (formerly Coprinus)
Species: Variegata (formerly Quadrifidus)
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes (formerly Homobasidiomycetes?)
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Feltscale Inky Cap - 3 genera (Coprinopsis,
Coprinellus and Parasola) were split from the Coprinus
genus and moved to the Psathyrellaceae family - fruits on
decaying hardwood logs
More Scaly Inky Cap
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Updated January 2 2013
Orange Mock Oyster Mushroom - cap to 8 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Tricholomataceae
Genus: Phyllotopsis
Species: Nidulans
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Fruits on decaying logs
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Updated December 4 2013
Orange Mycena Mushroom - cap to 4 cm
Order: Agaricales
Genus: Mycena
Species: Leaiana
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Fruits on wood, usually in clusters
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Updated October 7 2013
Velvet Stalk Mushroom - cap to 6 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae (formerly Tricholomataceae?)
Genus: Flammulina
Species: Velutipes
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
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Updated October 7 2013
Also known as Velvet Foot, Velvet Stem, Winter Mushroom -
similar to F. populicola and
Deadly Galerina - fruits on wood
in cold weather - cultivated in Asia as Enokitake which
appears quite different due to the way it is grown
Common? Inky Cap - cap to 8 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinopsis (formerly Coprinus)
Species: Atramentaria?
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes (formerly Homobasidiomycetes?)
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
C. atramentaria is also known as Tippler's Bane due to it's
poisonous nature when consumed with alcohol - 3 genera
(Coprinopsis, Coprinellus and Parasola) were split from
the Coprinus genus and moved to the Psathyrellaceae
family - fruits in grass on buried wood
More Common Inky Cap
More Common Inky Cap
Updated October 7 2013
Netted Rhodotus - cap approx. 5 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae (Tricholomataceae ?)
Genus: Rhodotus (formerly Pleurotus)
Species: Palmatus (formerly Subpalmatus)
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
More Netted Rhodotus
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Updated October 19 2013
Bladder Stalks - height approx. 1 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae
Genus: Physalacria
Species: Inflata
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as Bladder Fungus
Parasola Mushroom - cap approx. 4 cm
Order: Agaricales
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Parasola (formerly Coprinus)
Species: Auricoma? Plicatilis? Leiocephala?
Many similar species - 3 genera (Coprinopsis, Coprinellus
and Parasola) were split from the Coprinus genus and
moved to the Psathyrellaceae family
Weeping Widow Mushroom - cap approx. 3 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Lacrymaria  (formerly Psathyrella)
Species: Velutina
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes (formerly Homobasidiomycetes?)
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Fruits on lawns
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Updated October 26 2013
Mica Cap - stalk to 8 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae (formerly Coprinaceae)
Genus: Coprinellus (formerly Coprinus)
Species: Micaceus
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Also known as MIca or Glistening Inkcap - grows in clusters
on decaying wood (possibly buried)
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Updated February 22 2014
More Parasola Mushrooms
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Updated January 17 2015
Deer Mushroom - cap 5 to 12 cm - stalk to 15 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - September 2010
Deadly Galerina - cap 2 to 6 cm - stalk to 9 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - September 2010
Crumble Cap - cap to 1.5 cm - stalk to 4 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - September 2010
Shaggy Mane - cap 5 to 15 cm - stalk to 15 cm - Leslie Spit - November 2009
Sharp-scaly? Pholiota - cap to 10 cm - stalk to 10 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - September 2010
Woolly Inky Cap (mature) - cap to 3 cm - stalk to 10 cm - East Don Valley (Charles Sauriol Conservation Area) - August 2011
Honey Mushroom - cap to 10 cm - stalk to 15 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - October 2010
Oyster Mushroom - cap to 20 cm - Lower Don Valley (Leaside) - July 2012
Jack O'lantern - cap to 15 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - September 2012
Scarlet Hood - cap to 5 cm - West Don Valley (Sunnybrook Park) - September 2012
Split Gill - cap to 5 cm - Lower Don Valley (Leaside) - January 2011
Shaggy Mane (old) - cap 5 to 15 cm - stalk to 15 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - September 2012
Elm Oyster Mushroom on Manitoba Maple - cap to 15 cm - stalk to 10 cm - High Park - October 2012
Firerug Inkcap - approx. 2.5 cm - Lower Don Valley (Todmorden Mills) - November 2012
Scaly Inky Cap - cap to 8 cm - stalk to 10 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - August 2010
Orange Mock Oyster Mushroom - cap to 8 cm - stalkless - West Don Valley (Sunnybrook Park) - September 2013
Orange Mycena Mushroom - cap 2 to 4 cm - stalk to 8 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - September 2010
Velvet Stalk Mushroom - cap 2 to 6 cm - stalk to 7 cm - West Don Valley (Serena Gundy Park) - September 2013
Common? Inky Cap - cap 2 to 8 cm - stalk to 15 cm - Toronto Islands - October 2013
Netted Rhodotus - cap to 5 cm - stalk to 5 cm - Kortright Centre for Conservation - September 2013
Bladder Stalks - cap to 1 cm - height to 2 cm - Kortright Centre for Conservation - September 2013
Parasola Mushroom - cap approx. 4 cm - stalk approx. 7 cm - West Don Valley (Sunnybrook Park) - September 2011
Weeping Widow Mushroom - cap 3 to 8 cm - stalk to 12 cm - Mount Pleasant Cemetery - October 2013
Mica Cap - cap to 5 cm - stalk to 8 cm - Lower Don Valley (Leaside) - May 2008
Parasola Mushroom - cap approx. 4 cm - stalk approx. 8 cm - Sherbourne Common - August 2012
Tricholomopsis decora Mushroom - cap to 10 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Tricholomataceae
Genus: Tricholomopsis
Species: Decora
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Fruits on conifers
More Tricholomopsis decora
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Updated January 20 2015
Tricholomopsis decora Mushroom - cap to 10 cm - stalk to 6 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - October 2014
Entoloma clypeatum Mushroom - cap to 10 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Entolomataceae
Genus: Entoloma
Species: Clypeatum
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Fruits on the ground - also known as Shield Pinkgill
More Entoloma clypeatum
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Updated January 21 2015
Entoloma clypeatum Mushroom - cap to 10 cm - stalk to 10 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - October 2014
Mycena? Mushroom - cap approx. 1.5 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Mycenaceae?
Genus: Mycena?
Species: Strobilinoides?
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Fruits under pines - possibly Vermilion Waxycap (Hygrocybe
miniata in the Hygrophoraceae family) which fruits on the
ground in woods
More Mycena
More Mycena
Updated November 21 2015
Family: Mycenaceae (formerly Tricholomataceae)
Mycena? Mushroom - cap approx. 1.5 cm - stalk approx. 3 cm - Uxbridge - July 2015
Unidentifed Mushroom - cap to 7 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: ?
Genus: ?
Species: ?
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
More Unidentified Fungus
More Unidentified Fungus
Updated March 11 2016
Unidentifed Mushroom - cap to 7 cm - stalk approx. 6 cm - Uxbridge - November 2015
Found under White Cedar trees
Parasol? Mushroom - cap approx. 20 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae? (formerly Lepiotaceae)
Genus: Macrolepiota? (also Lepiota)
Species: Procera?
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
Cap is initially spherical
More Parasol Mushroom
More Parasol Mushroom
Updated February 17 2014
Parasol? Mushroom - cap 8 to 25 cm - stalk to 40 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - October 2010
Pinwheel Mushroom - cap to 1.5 cm
Order: Agaricales
Family: Marasmiaceae
Genus: Marasmius
Species: Capillaris?
Kingdom: Fungi
Class: Agaricomycetes
Phylum:  Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
More Pinwheel Mushrooms
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Updated September 21 2017
Pinwheel Mushroom - cap to 1.5 cm - stalk to 6 cm - York Regional Forest (Dainty Tract) - September 2017
Grows on leaf litter - M. rotula is similar but grows on
decaying wood - M. siccus is orange-brown - M.
pulcherripes is pinkish