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Page Last Updated: February 25 2016
Butcher's-broom Family
6 species
Lily-of-the-Valley
Order: Asparagales - formerly Liliales
Family: Ruscaceae (Butcher's-broom family)
Genus: Convallaria
Species: Majalis
Perennial - formerly in the Lily family (Liliaceae) - native to
Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated February 25 2016
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False Solomon's Seal
Order: Asparagales - formerly Liliales
Family: Ruscaceae (Butcher's-broom family)
Genus: Maianthemum
Species: Racemosum
Perennial - also known as False Spikenard, Feathery
False Lily-of-the-Valley -  formerly in the
Lily family
(Liliaceae) - native to North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated November 20 2014
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Star-flowered Solomon's Seal
Order: Asparagales - formerly Liliales
Family: Ruscaceae (Butcher's-broom family)
Genus: Maianthemum
Species: Stellatum
Perennial - also known as Little False Solomon's Seal,
Starry False Lily-of-the-Valley - formerly in the
Lily family
(Liliaceae) - native to North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated November 16 2014
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Canada Mayflower
Order: Asparagales - formerly Liliales
Family: Ruscaceae (Butcher's-broom family)
Genus: Maianthemum
Species: Canadense
Perennial - also known as Wild or False
Lily-of-the-Valley, Two-leaved Solomon's Seal - formerly
in the
Lily family (Liliaceae) - native to North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated September 21 2015
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Smooth Solomon's Seal
Order: Asparagales - formerly Liliales
Family: Ruscaceae (Butcher's-broom family)
Genus: Polygonatum
Species: Biflorum
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated August 30 2015
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Eurasian Solomon's Seal
Order: Asparagales - formerly Liliales
Family: Ruscaceae (Butcher's-broom family)
Genus: Polygonatum
Species: Multiflorum
Perennial - also known as Common Solomon's Seal,
David's Harp, Ladder-to-Heaven - flowers hang from
underneath in clusters of 2 to 6 - formerly in the
Lily family
(Liliaceae) - native to Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated June 11 2013
More Eurasian Solomon's Seal
More Eurasian Solomon's Seal
Some sources place the Butcher's Broom family
within the
Asparagus family (Asparagaceae)
Lily-of-the-Valley - flower 6 to 9 mm - raceme to 15 cm - leaves to 20 cm - height to 30 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's  Woods) - May 2009
Canada Mayflower - flower 3 to 5 mm - raceme to 2.5 cm - leaves 3 to 10 cm - height to 20 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - May 2011
False Solomon's Seal - flower 2 to 5 mm - panicle 3 to 15 cm - leaves 7 to 15 cm - height to 80 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's  Woods) - June 2009
Eurasian Solomon's Seal - flower to 2 cm - leaves to 15 cm - height to 80 cm - Samuel Smith Park - May 2012
Star-flowered Solomon's Seal - flower 8 to 10 mm - raceme 2 to 5 cm - leaves 6 to 15 cm - height to 60 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's  Woods) - May 2014
Smooth Solomon's Seal - flower 1 to 2 cm - leaves 5 to 15 cm - height to 90 cm - Rouge Park (Twyn Rivers) - June 2015
Perennial - also known as Great Solomon's Seal - similar
to Hairy Solomon's Seal (P. pubescens) which has small
hairs along the veins on underside of leaves - formerly in
the
Lily family (Liliaceae) - native to eastern North America