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Page Last Updated: August 29 2017
Lily Family
12 species
Trout Lily
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Erythronium
Species: Americanum
Perennial - also known as Yellow Adder's-Tongue, Yellow
Dogtooth Violet - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated July 28 2010
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Michigan Lily
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Lilium
Species: Michiganense
Perennial - some sources say that the Canada Lily (L.
canadense) and Turk's-cap Lily (L. superbum) are the
same species as Michigan Lily (or sub-species of it) -
native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated August 29 2017
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Orange Day-lily (Day-lily family), Lily-of-the-Valley and
Solomon's Seal (
Butcher's-broom family), Red and
White Trilliums (
Bunchflower family) were formerly
included in the Lily family
White Water-lily is in a separate family (Water-lily family)
Star-of-Bethlehem
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Ornithogalum
Species: Umbellatum
Perennial - also known as Grass Lily, Sleepydick -
flowers don't open until late morning - native to Eurasia
and north Africa
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated February 9 2014
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Grape Hyacinth
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Muscari
Species: Armeniacum? Botryoides?
Perennial - also known as Armenian Grape Hyacinth (M.
Armeniacum), Common Grape Hyacinth (M. Botryoides) -
not a hyacinth - escape ornamental - fields and roadsides -
native to Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated May 10 2013
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Trout Lily - flower approx 2.5 cm - leaves 5 to 20 cm - height to 20 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - April 2010
Michigan Lily - flower approx 7.5 cm wide, 10 cm long - leaves to 15 cm - height to 2 m - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - July 2009
Star-of-Bethlehem - flower approx 3.5 cm - leaves to 30 cm (basal, grass-like) - height to 30 cm - Leslie Spit - May 2012
Grape Hyacinth - flower approx 5 mm - leaves to 20 cm - height to 20 cm - East Don Valley (Milne Hollow) - May 2013
Bellwort
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Uvularia
Species: Grandiflora? Perfoliata?
Perennial - Large-flowered Bellwort (U. grandiflora) and
Perfoliate Bellwort or Merry Bells (U. perfoliata) both have
perfoliate leaves - some sources place Bellwort in the
Colchicaceae family - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated September 3 2015
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Bellwort
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Uvularia
Species: Grandiflora? Perfoliata?
Perennial - Large-flowered Bellwort (U. grandiflora) and
Perfoliate Bellwort or Merry Bells (U. perfoliata) both have
perfoliate leaves - some sources place Bellwort in the
Colchicaceae family - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated September 3 2015
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Bellwort - flower 2.5 to 5 cm - fruit approx. 1 cm - leaves to 15 cm - height to 75 cm - Rouge Park (Glenrouge Campground) - May 2015
Bellwort - flower 2.5 to 5 cm - fruit approx. 1 cm - leaves to 15 cm - height to 75 cm - Rouge Park (Glenrouge Campground) - July 2014
Yellow Clintonia
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Clintonia
Species: Borealis
Perennial - also known as Bluebead, Clintonia - some
sources place Clintonia in the Colchicaceae family - moist
woods - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated November 23 2015
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Rosetwisted Stalk
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Streptopus
Species: Lanceolatus (formerly Roseus)
Perennial - also known as Rosybells, Rose Mandarin -
some sources place Rosetwisted Stalk in the Colchicaceae
family - mixed-wood forests - native to eastern North
America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Yellow Clintonia - flower to 2.5 cm - fruit approx. 7 mm - leaves to 30 cm - height to 30 cm - Uxbridge - July 2015
Rosetwisted Stalk - flower approx. 1 cm - fruit approx. 8 mm - leaves to 10 cm - height to 30 cm - Uxbridge - July 2015
Siberian Squill
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Scilla
Species: Siberica
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated December 11 2012
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Striped Squill
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Puschkinia
Species: Scilloides (variety libanotica)
Perennial - also known as Striped, Lebanon or Lebanese
Squill, Snowdrift, Russian Snowdrop - now in the
Asparagaceae (Asparagus) family? - escaped ornamental -
native to Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated February 10 2012
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Siberian Squill - flower approx 2 cm - leaves to 20 cm - height to 15 cm - West Don Valley (Sunnybrook Park) - April 2010
Striped Squill - flower approx 1 cm - leaves 10 to 20 cm - height to 20 cm - High Park - April 2010
Perennial - one of the earliest flowering plants - also
known as Scilla - now in the
Asparagaceae (Asparagus)
family? - escaped ornamental - native to Eurasia
Glory of the Snow
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Chionodoxa (also Scilla)
Species: Forbesii (also Luciliae)
Perennial - will sometimes bloom in the snow - now in the
Asparagaceae (Asparagus) family? - escaped ornamental -
native to Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated April 21 2016
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Glory of the Snow - flower approx 4 cm - leaves to 15 cm - height to 15 cm - Mount Pleasant Cemetery - April 2016
White Trout Lily
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Erythronium
Species: Albidum
Perennial - also known as White Fawnlily, White
Adder's-Tongue, White Dogtooth Violet - native to eastern
North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated May 9 2016
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White Trout Lily - flower approx 2.5 cm - leaves 5 to 20 cm - height to 20 cm - West Oak Trails (Oakville) - May 2016
Indian Cucumber Root
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus: Medeola
Species: Virginiana
Perennial - open woods and forests - native to eastern
North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Liliopsida
Updated February 16 2017
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Indian Cucumber Root - flower approx. 1.5 cm - fruit approx. 8 mm - leaves to 12 cm - height to 40 cm - York Regional Forest (Robinson Tract) - June 2016